The concept of the enthnoenvironmental corridor (or biocultural corridor) has been the focus of the work by ECAM and other Amazonian organizations over the last 10 years. The idea is the reformulation of the biological corridor concept and its subsequent transformation into “ethnoenvironmental corridors” that directly incorporate indigenous peoples’ actions into the conservation strategies. The Karib corridor in the northern amazon is an integrated territory of protected areas which include indigenous territories and national parks as well as sustainable use conservation areas. The region is known for its pristine forests whose biomass includes extensive amounts of carbon and for its biodiversity, much of which has yet to be studied and recorded. Among its protected areas are the largest national and state parks in the Brazilian Amazon, and two indigenous territories each of which exceed 4 million hectares. The total size of the corridor is over 28 million hectares of pristine rainforests. This represents an area equivalent to about the size of the country of Italy.
The inhabited portions are occupied primarily by traditional groups including indigenous peoples whose languages are part of the Karib language family and who have occupied the region for generations. Some of these peoples include among others the Tiriyo, Kaxuyana, Wayana Apalai and the Wai Wai. Other traditional peoples include the Quilombolas (Maroons).
Even with its protected status the region is the subject to significant pressures from infrastructure projects including hydroelectric dams, high tension power lines as well as large and small scale mining operations. Soy bean and cattle ranching are expanding activities on the southern limits of the corridor. The objective of the work by environmental organizations active in the region including ECAM is to ensure that the corridor's biocultural diversity is protected and that its populations can be fully included in a sustainable development strategy for the region
Mapa de localização dos dois corredores etnoambientais. A importância da delimitação de áreas como essa é concentrar e criar modelos de desenvolvimento onde questões culturais podem ser articuladas às de desenvolvimento econômico e preservação dos recursos naturais.
Mapa de localização dos corredores Etnoambientais Karib, Tupi-Mondé e Kwahiba, pontos de estratégia importantes no trabalho de minimização de perdas de espécies e de variabilidade genética. A região abriga cerca de 5.500 pessoas pertencentes a mais de 20 comunidades distintas.
Atividades e cursos realizados nos corredores etnoambientais de Tupi-Mondé, Tupi-Kawahiwa e Guaporé-Itenez-Mamoré, localizados nos estados de Rondônia, Amazonas e Mato Grosso.